Traveling to a new country might be a nightmare if you find yourself in the middle of a foreign culture not being able to communicate with the locals.
You might find English speakers in Spain but that is not the rule. And English is even less spoken in South American countries.
Knowing that, here are some useful phrases that will get you by in any Spanish speaking country:
Hola = Hello
¿Cómo está? = How are you?
Estoy bien. = I’m fine.
¿Cómo se llama? = What’s your name?
Me llamo es… = My name is…
Mucho gusto = Nice to meet yo
¡Adiós! = Goodbye!
Sí = Yes
No = No
Quizás = Maybe
Por favor = Please
Gracias = Thank you
De nada = You’re welcome
Disculpe/con permiso = Excuse me
Lo siento = I’m sorry
¿Qué es esto? = What’s this?
¿Habla inglés? = Do you speak English?
Yo solo hablo un poco de español. = I only speak a little Spanish.
No lo entiendo. = I don’t understand.
¿Dónde está…? = Where is…?
¿Dónde está el baño? = Where is the bathroom?
¿Cuánto cuesta? = How much is the cost?
¿Cuánto es? = How much?
¿Puede ayudarme? = Can you help me?